Chinese government has built an autonomous driving test site in Daxing district of Beijing at an old industrial compound made of construction waste.
The site occupies nearly 373 thousand square meters and could support tests with a speed up to 8 kilometers per hour. It is expected to commence operation by the end of the year.
Over the two years ago, the land was one of the seven industrial complexes in Beijing. More than 500 pollution-producing enterprises were scattered on an aggregate area of 3 million square meters.
The industrial complexes have gradually been demolished since October 2016, due to their failure to meet environmental standards of the capital, which resulted in 4 million cubic meters of construction waste.
The Beijing authority had to recycle these construction wastes as it incurred higher transportation cost. In addition, the vehicles used in the area were also adding to the pollution scare.
At present, 5G signal base stations and different types of roads such as express roads, highways as well as country roads have been built.
About 85% of the road conditions is ready to be simulated through the Internet of Vehicles in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, people in charge of the project told state-owned Beijing Daily.
The project also aims to test the automatic refueling and recharging of smart cars.
Beijing is China’s first city to give green light to open road test for autonomous cars, followed by Shanghai and China’s southwestern city Chongqing. Other Chinese cities, such as Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Wuhan, have opened respective automatic driving road test zone.
In February, the National Development and Reform Commission, a department focused on economic administration and planning, had formulated self-driving industry guidelines and a three-year plan regarding autonomous vehicles.
Enterprises have also supported the plan to roll out their self-driving initiatives. China’s internet giants including Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent have been granted licenses, enabling them to carry out their self-driving tests in multiple cities in China.
Autonomous driving start-ups Pony.ai and JingChi have also moved their global headquarters to Guangzhou from Silicon Valley in 2017.