China Launches New Generation Domestic Supercomputing System Tianhe Xingyi

At the 2023 Supercomputing Innovation Application Conference held in Guangzhou on the 6th, the National Supercomputing Guangzhou Center released a new generation of domestic supercomputing system "Tianhe Xingyi."

This system surpasses "Tianhe-2″ in general CPU computing power, network capability, storage capacity, and application service ability. It aims to meet the growing needs of high-performance computing, AI large model training, and big data analysis across various application scenarios, further enhancing the center’s multi-domain application service capabilities, according to a press release announced across Chinese state-media press.

According to Lu Yutong, the director of the National Supercomputing Guangzhou Center, "Tianhe Xingyi" is application-centered and built with domestic advanced computing architecture, high-performance multi-core processors, high-speed interconnect networks, and large-scale storage technologies.

No information is given about what types of domestic architecture, processors, or networks are used.

This new system will provide strong high-end computing power and platform support for cutting-edge technological breakthroughs, strategic engineering construction, and industrial upgrading and transformation in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

Liao Xiangke, the chief designer of the "Tianhe-2″ supercomputer development project at the National Supercomputing Guangzhou Center, stated that "Tianhe-2″ was successfully developed in 2013 and has repeatedly won the TOP500 world supercomputing championship.

Lu Yutong stated that over the past decade, the National Supercomputing Guangzhou Center has built domain-oriented application service platforms, with the number of users growing from over 300 to more than 300,000.

China’s supercomputing program has seen significant development over the past few decades, positioning the country as a major player in the field of high-performance computing (HPC).

China’s interest in supercomputing began in the late 20th century, but it wasn’t until the early 2000s that the country made substantial progress. The development of supercomputing was part of China’s broader strategy to advance its technological capabilities and reduce dependence on foreign technology.

China’s supercomputing program achieved global recognition with systems like Tianhe-1 (2010) and Tianhe-2 (2013). Tianhe-2, developed by the National University of Defense Technology, was particularly notable, holding the title of the world’s fastest supercomputer in the TOP500 list for several years.

The program has received strong support from the Chinese government, which views supercomputing as crucial for national security, scientific research, and economic development.

Chinese supercomputers are used for a wide range of applications, including climate research, pharmaceutical development, advanced manufacturing, and artificial intelligence. They play a key role in scientific research and industrial innovation.

A significant focus of China’s supercomputing program is the development of domestic technologies, including processors and interconnects. This is driven by a desire for technological independence and resilience in the face of international supply chain uncertainties and export restrictions.

China continues to invest in the next generation of supercomputers, with plans to achieve exascale computing (capable of a billion billion calculations per second).

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